Also Known as:

Toy, Miniature, Standard, Bassotto, Worshond, Teckel, Weenie Dog, Sausage Dog, Tekkel, Tekkel Doxie.

Origin: Germeny

Type: Pure Breed

Height: 5 to 12 inches

Weight: 8 to 32 pounds

Life Expectancy: 12 to 15 years


Loyal, fun-loving, and playful dogs, they are known for their affinity to chase around small birds and animals. As described by AKC (American Kennel Club), Dachshunds are clever dogs, lively, and very courageous to the point of being a bit reckless. Any sign of shyness in them is a serious fault. A Dachshund that is indulged usually becomes spoilt and snappy.

There is also the myth that a dachshunds coat type is somehow linked to their temperament, for example, the short-haired ones are considered to be less exciting while the long-haired ones are considered more exciting and adventurous. In all, they are good with children and can be fun to be around.


A famous dog with its long, low-slung body, bold and ever alert expression. The dachshund is a very active dog, its body allowing them allowing it to move in and out of confined areas like a tunnel or pipe without sacrificing much of its body strength.

A confident dog with a keen nose that lends to its hunting instinct. It also has a loud voice giving it the ability to alert its partners to a prey in the past. The dachshund comes in three coat variations, the smooth variation, the long-haired variation, and the wire-like variation. Their height usually ranges from 5 to 12 inches and they can weigh from 8 to 32 pounds.




It is very important to always make sure your dachshund is fed only on the approved portion of food as advised by a vet doctor or an animal nutritionist. This is because a Dachshund that is overweight would start experiencing strain on their long backs and this can lead to slipped or ruptured (herniated) discs. A Dachshund's nose is very perceptive and can find food anywhere so be sure to store food in such a way that they will not be able to reach it. A general rule of thumb is the less high-fat content the food contains, the better for the dachshund.
Generally, the dachshund is a relatively clean dog, they are light shedders and have little to no body odor. But even with these advantages, grooming a dachshund is very much dependent on the coat type. For the smooth-coated ones, all that is generally needed is wiping them clean with a dog towel. Longhaired dachshunds will in addition to bathing them once in a while, need to have their coats brushed frequently. For wirehaired dachshund dogs need to have their coats hand-stripped or coat plucked from time to time. Other things you need to do are trim their nails at least once every month and trim their beards from time to time.
It's challenging training a Dachshund because even though they are intelligent dogs, they are also naturally stubborn dogs. Having said that, they do very well when their training is reward-based training. As stated above, they are not just stubborn but also sensitive, this means they will react very badly to harsh commands or punishment. A lot of patience and consistency is needed when training a Dachshund. Also, they also have a strong sense of smell, quite higher than the average dog. So if a Dachshund zooms in or focuses on a scent. It might take some real effort to put them off that scent.
Because of their smallish nature, many people don't really factor in the need for them to exercise, but is this true? of cause not. Dachshunds need regular exercise if for nothing this will help them to stay fit build strong muscles and stay fit. Normally, a Dachshund would be ok going on walks twice a day. On the flip side, if you decide to exercise your dog with more than just a walk, be on the watch out for them as they can easily injure themselves easily and this has to do with their long backs. Don't allow them to unesecarily run up and down stairs or jump on furniture.
The dachshund generally is a healthy dog. A healthy dachshund can live up to 16 years. The main thing they need is a good diet and enough exercise. There is a need to watch a dachshund's weight. One of the main health reasons for this is their long back. Excessive weight can deform the backbones and damage the bone disc. As with most dogs with large ears, the dachshund is prone to getting ear infections and so their ears should be well-groomed at any point in time. Also, be alert to your dogs' activity in other to catch on to injuries early enough and get them


A dog originating from Germany the word “Dachshund” is a German word and it means “badger dog”. This dog breeds history predates back to 600 years ago. As the name suggests, this dog was bred specifically to dig its way into a badger den and chase out or capture its occupants, hence the low body specially crafted for this dirty subterranean work.

Specially bred back for this hunting purpose, the Dachshund was a favorite hunting companion for German hunters.

As time progressed selective breeding for the Dachshund produced different types of this short long back breed, there were then wire-coated breeds specially bred for work in thorny brier patches and long coats for cold climates. There were even other sizes of the Dachshund breed to work in queries and others specifically for hunting wild boars.

By 1800, a need to standardize the breed came up so breeders started working towards having the three different types of dachshunds available today, which are the smooth coat, long-haired, and wire coated types. It was admitted to the AKC Stud Book in 1885, its popularity in America was immediate and enduring.

It wasn’t till 1910 that the Dachshund was recognized as a distinct breed.

The Dachshund has long been a national symbol of Germany, so closely associated with the fatherland that during World War I American fanciers took to calling them Liberty Hounds due to anti-German sentiment.

Some famous Dachshunds include Picasso’s dog Lump, who may have inspired some of his works, and Waldi, the first Olympic Mascot and symbol of the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, Germany.